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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3099\margr3111\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3099\margrsxn3111\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li43\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1105 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-16\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 234{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw2 DECLINE OF THE KUSHAN EMPIRE}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li50\fi0\ri18\sb216\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw21\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Siva with \i Nandi \i0 (bull). The latter class of coins \expndtw12 has generally been, taken to prove that Vasudeya \expndtw7 belonged to the Saiva faith. At any rate, his Sanskritis-\expndtw11 ed Hindu name, synonymous with Visnu, attests that \expndtw12 the Kushans were by no means averse or impervious \expndtw5 to Brahmanicai influences.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb220\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 'Decline of the Kusban Empire}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li65\fi486\ri7\sb176\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The downfall of the Kushans began during the reign \expndtw8 of Vasudeva, and in course of time the empire, reared \expndtw4 by the genius of Kaniska, broke up into petty principali\-\expndtw5 ties under princelings, some of whom bore the name \expndtw12 Vasudeva. They are known entirely from their coins \expndtw4 on which are written their initials or monograms per\-pendicularly. According to Dr. Vincent Smith, trie \expndtw5 "Persianisirig of the Kushan coinage of Northern India" \expndtw7 in the early third century A.D. indicates that the decay \expndtw6 of the Kushan power must have been hastened by Per\-\expndtw5 sian invasions like the one recorded by Firishta as hav\-\expndtw4 ing been undertaken by the first Sassanian king.\super 1\nosupersub  Tlie overthrow of these Kushan chieftains must have, how\-ever, been largely due to the rise of the Nagas and otliet native dynasties, which prepared the way for the Guptas \expndtw7 for welding Northern India eventually into one mighty \expndtw8 empire. But the Kidara Kushans, a branch race, es\-\expndtw5 tablished themselves in the Kabul valley and adjacent \expndtw4 lands, and despite the fierce onslaughts of the Hunas ill \expndtw6 the fifth century A.D., there are traces of their survival \expndtw2 until about the middle of the ninth century A.D.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri83\sb223\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 II.    The "Dark" Interval}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li94\fi472\ri25\sb176\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 After the dismemberment of the Kushan empire the history of India is mostly enveloped in darkness,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li86\fi396\ri0\sb245\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1\nosupersub E.H.I.\sub \}\nosupersub  \i0 4th ed.\sub 3\nosupersub  pp. 288-89.   Ardashir Babagan \i (c. \i0 225-241 A.D,) is represented as having advanced up to Skhind from where}\par }